Examiner’s Tips

Economics examiner and Manchester United fan, Swithun Dobson, provides step by step guides to help you produce A* essays for A level Economics .

He helps you to get behind different types of exam questions to understand what the question is really about and what the examiner wants to read.

This question is really about perfect competition, monopoly and static & dynamic efficiency. The key is getting the structure right so you put the information in the best place to maximise your analysis and evaluation marks.

In this case, Swithun uses an eight paragraph structure which helps you evaluate all the way through.

This video highlights why examples are important. Examples help you to apply the theory and make your essay significantly less abstract. You will see Citroen, Tesco, Morrisons and also Top Gear make an appearance.

This question is taken from an AQA past paper but the principles can help you achieve top marks for all exam boards such as Edexcel, OCR, WJEC and more.

The key is getting the structure right so you put the information in the best place to maximise your analysis and evaluation marks. The structure presented helps you evaluate all the way through.

The question could be taken many ways but the easiest split is to analyse free trade and free immigration. Whilst related, they are quite distinct which provides clear sections to analyse and evaluate.

The arguments for free trade revolve primarily around the maximisation of total welfare, in particular that of consumer surplus. In addition, the exploitation of comparative advantage allows a greater level of specialisation which increases average productivity and hence wages.

The argument against free trade, that is the argument for protectionism, is that foreign competition could kill infant industries and generally cause structural unemployment.

The argument for free immigration is that a greater quantity of labour increases LRAS and also reduces costs for firms.

The argument against free immigration is that it lowers wages of native employees, particularly those of low skilled workers. Further, immigration will likely increase costs to schools and the NHS in the long-run as well as increasing house prices.

This question is taken from an AQA past paper but the principles can help you achieve top marks for all exam boards such as Edexcel, OCR, WJEC and more.